This publication studies how the relationship between the state and the business community in Morocco has changed over the past two decades. Recent scholarship by social scientists on political change in the Middle East and North Africa has mostly focused on civil society. Relatively less attention has been paid to the role of business associations.
Given the more prominent role for the private sector in a market economy it is of interest to examine how the relationship between the state and the business community has changed over the past two decades in Morocco. In doing so the focus will be on the peak-business association operating in Morocco, Confédération Générale des Enterprises du Maroc (CGEM). Of particular interest are its historical evolution, ties with the state, and with business groups. Closely analyzing the missing link of the business community and its relationship with the state through the lens of the CGEM can reveal important aspects relating to the question whether the private sector can be an actor in democratization processes.
This publication is part of the working paper series of the Knowledge Programme Civil Society in West Asia.