The paper starts with a brief introduction on the general context in which Ugandan universities are currently anchored as institutes for Higher Education in Africa and in Uganda in particular. Then the paper presents its main research findings and concludes that a number of cross-cutting realities have emerged. These realities and challenges, are thematically reviewed and highlight issues of ethnicity and language, religious affiliation, gender and economic status. The paper is full of quotes from those who were interviewed. These quotes interestingly illustrate the ways in which students and staff in the four universities understand and deal with diversity opportunities and challenges, both from individual – as well as from institutional perspectives. Each of the four universities is more elaborately described in separate vignettes which appear throughout the paper. These descriptions of students and staff's personal perceptions and the more general institutional – and contextual circumstances of each university, give the reader much insight into how they deal with the challenges of diversity and pluralism.
At the end of the paper, the authors suggest several areas where improvement may be possible. They identify five categories for which they have recommendations. The first category addresses ‘policy frameworks and policy implementation’, the second one deals with the realm of ‘curriculum and extracurricular activities’, followed by the need to actively develop appropriate ‘skills and attitudes’ of students and staff to deal with differences and the enhancement of ‘internal practices’ in which both staff and students engage with each other in constructive ways. Finally, they see possibilities to improve ‘interuniversity dialogue’ about pluralism on campus and ways to monitor developments across universities.