Hivos International

Theory of Change

وُلد هذا الدليل نتيجة الاختبارات التي أُجرِيَت على تطبيق نظريّة التغيير على أرض الواقع والدروس

المستخلَصة من هذا الأمر، وذلك بدءًا من العام 2007. جرى تطوير النهج الذي نعرضه هنا على امتداد

,الوقت، وعبْر سلسلة من ورشات العمل التي عُقِدت مع فريق عمل منظّمة هيفوس ومنظّمات شريكة

ومستشارين في جميع الأقاليم التي تنشط فيها هيفوس. هذا الدليل أفاد إفادة كبيرة من التغذية الراجعة الت

.قدّمها المشاركون

في العام 2010، قامت منظّمة هيفوس ببناء مجموعة تعلُّم لنظريّة التغيير سعيًا لاستنباط التعلُّم من

Want to know better how your interventions can contribute to change? A Theory of Change (ToC) approach helps in deepening your understanding - and that of your partners - of how you collectively think change happens and what the effect will be of your intervention. Not only does it show what political, social, economic, and/or cultural factors are in play, it also clarifies your assumptions. Once a ToC has been developed, it can be used to continually reflect on it in ways that allow for adaptation and checking of assumptions of your intervention.

The purpose of this paper is to explain Hivos’ understanding and use of the concept ‘Theory of Change’, which has become increasingly important in its strategic thinking.

The paper is meant to inform external stakeholders, such as organisations Hivos collaborates with, funders and other allies in Hivos’ work for social change.

Hivos Theory of Change E-Dialogues

From 2011 to 2014, Hivos hosted a series of E-Dialogues on different aspects of ToC thinking. ToC practitioners from around the world gave contributions based on their experiences with ToC on the topics of:

E-Dialogue 1: The Added Value of ToC
E-Dialogue 2: Rigid plan or vague vision: Exploring the boundaries of ToC precision
E-Dialogue 3: Capacities for Doing and Thinking ToC in Development Organisations
E-Dialogue 4: Gender and Theories of Change

In recent years there has been an increased interest in applying Theory of Change (ToC) thinking as a way to operate more strategically and effectively in complex change processes. ToC refers to the understanding that an organisation, project, network or group of stakeholders has about how political, social, economic and/or cultural change happens. A ToC analysis in particular explores and specifies how and why this organisation, project or group of stakeholders thinks that their actions will contribute to such a change process.

Hivos Action Learning Community Reflection Notes

These three Reflection Notes are products of the Hivos Action Learning Community and are based on the collective experiences of its members in their work with organisations who are developing their theory of change. The Reflection Notes are available for download on the right of this page in Spanish and English.

ToC Notes 1: What is the purpose of a Theory of Change?

What is a Theory of Change (ToC) and why is it important? This guide to understanding and developing a ToC shows how a ToC helps to configure the conditions needed to achieve desired change, using the experience of a given context. This is done partly by making assumptions explicit and by analysing them critically. It is also a monitoring tool that facilitates accountability. A good ToC allows development practitioners to handle complexity without over-simplification.