Hivos International

Sustainable Energy

El biogás que se genera del estiércol del ganado, los cerdos y los búfalos (y otros excrementos como por ejemplo el humano), junto con el subproducto conocido como biol, puede ser una solución a la falta de acceso a servicios energéticos modernos, la pobreza, el cambio climático y los problemas relacionados con la fertilidad del suelo. 

Le biogaz produit à partir déjections de bovins, de porcs et de buffles (et d’autres excréments, par ex. les déjections humaines), avec son sous-produit, l’effluent , peuvent constituer une solution aux problèmes liés à l’accès limité aux services énergétiques modernes, à la pauvreté, ainsi qu’au changement climatique et à la fertilité des sols.

Il s’agit d’une source d’approvisionnement en énergie, simple et abordable, facile à manipuler et à entretenir. En effet, c’est l’option la moins onéreuse à ce jour en ce qui concerne la fourniture d’énergie aux ménages en milieu rural.

Biogas produced from cattle, pig and buffalo dung (and other excrement, e.g. human), together with the by-product bioslurry, can be a solution to poor access to modern energy services, poverty, climate change, and soil fertility problems. 

Durante los últimos años, Hivos ha participado en un número de programas piloto relacionados con los biocombustibles, la mayoría enfocados en la jatropha curcas.

El propósito de estos programas era el encontrar un ingreso adicional de dinero en efectivo para los agriculturos que trabajan en sus cultivos y que podrían añadir otras actividades como la adaptación de los motores, convertir el aceite puro de las planas en biodiesel, e incluso cumplir con metas más amplias tales como proporcionar a la comunidad energía renovable o dinamizir la economía local. 

While rural energy access investments – like mini-grids – can be expected to transform local economies, this doesn’t happen automatically. Catalysing local enterprises and raising incomes through productive uses of energy often requires extra measures, to overcome barriers such as gaps in local people’s skills or financial resources.

Tanzania is expanding its electricity services. But the sector still faces many challenges in terms of delivering a high quality, reliable service for customers. For customers of TANESCO, the Tanzanian electricity supply company, power cuts are a major preoccupation, and have an impact on their work, domestic life and other services they use. As the grid expands, expectations of access to a connection are also increasing. Electricity services need to be improved. There are many routes to achieving this, from more investment and infrastructure upgrades to new policy targets. 

What role will ordinary people play in energy systems of the future? IIED and Hivos asked leading energy thinkers for their views. Opinions vary: some want to see a future where citizens produce, control or profit more from local energy resources; for others, companies and governments are likely to remain in the driving seat, with people acting as passive consumers.

In Tanzania, electricity services are expanding, yet they are failing to deliver a high-quality service to end-users.

The Energy Change Lab initiative has looked at how information channels and customer feedback mechanisms can be used to ensure that the electricity sector becomes more transparent and accountable to those it serves. A number of prototype solutions are being piloted, drawing on models from other countries and those developed by stakeholders in Tanzania.

In order to learn from previous experiences, Hivos is examining its role(s) and performance in various multi-actor initiatives. A multi-actor initiative is undertaken by several actors with complementary strengths, with the aim of creating joint impact to address complex problems. A successful multi-actor initiative is one where the joint impact is greater than the impact culminating from individual efforts, and contributes to systemic change.

Presentation Smallholder Jatropha processing & products by Marieke Bruins

 

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