Monday the 28th of February, an important step was made in the fight against impunity in Guatemala: 30 years after the mass atrocities against indigenous people took place and 15 years after victim groups like AJR started preparing their case, the law suit against former de facto head of state Efraín Ríos Montt has finally started. He will be indicted for genocide and crimes against humanity. During Guatemala’s internal armed conflict, an estimated 200,000 people were killed, of which a UN-sponsored Commission on Historical Clarification estimated that 93% can be attributed to state security forces. Due to a declared amnesty in 1996 peace agreement and a grim political reality, until today, impunity reigns over the Central American country. The court’s determination to withstand all objections from the defense and move on with the case, on the basis of a thorough analysis of relevant recent international jurisprudence, is an act of courage, considering the enormous public pressure from right-wing media and the threats behind the scene. Grassroots organizations and lawyers from NGOs like the Centre for Legal Action and Human Rights – CALDH fighting to get the military command of those days to trial, have been supported by Hivos for many years. We congratulate them with this major step and will keep on monitoring the developments.