Hivos International

Geopolitics

International cooperation in a multipolar world: the role of emerging powers.

What does international cooperation look like in a multipolar world? What is the role played by emerging powers? This is the subject of a recent policy paper published by the Society for International Development (SID).

New Donors, New Investments: New Development?

On January 27, 2012, the International Development Studies of Utrecht University organised its eight knowledge for development seminar. The seminar aimed to critically assess the meaning of development in the context of contemporary transformations such as the increased involvement of giants like India and China in development cooperation and the increased role of southern countries in international investment flows. Some key questions were: How do these new relations influence the notion of development? What type of ‘development’ are they providing? What are the geopolitical implications of the new South-South and South-North relations? And: What do these new realities imply for development after the Millennium Development Goals? This reports gives a summary of the presentations and discussions during the day.

Finish HBL:"Only a strong federalism or con-federalism will ensure the survival of the state", according to Kawa Hassan

In this interview Hivos' and Carnegie's Kawa Hassan highlights the hurdles to a united  Iraq and dangers of completely putting Al-Maliki out of the political game.  

Al-Akhbar: "There is a healthy public debate about relation between Kurdistan and Israel in Kurdish communities", says Kawa Hassasn

On June 29 of this year, Israel's right-wing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced his government'ssupport for the independence of Iraqi Kurdistan. It was a surprising announcement, making Israel the first country to publicly voice its support for Kurdish self-determination.

World News Radio Australia: "There will be certainly a lot of civil wars between 'Islamic State' and other Islamic groups", says Kawa Hassan

Kawa Hassan is a political analyst at international development group Hivos: 

"It will attract I think, at least in the short term, more perceived marginalised youth to join his battle. And what I think we would also see in the short term is an intensification of internal infighting within the radical groups", he says.

"So there will be certainly a lot of civil wars between 'Islamic State' and other Islamic groups because 'Islamic State' is based on pure polarisation."

The Christian Science Monitor: “These attacks shows that the Islamic State has sleeper cells and that they can activate them whenever they want to,” says Kawa Hassan

“These attacks shows that the Islamic State has sleeper cells and that they can activate them whenever they want to,” says Kawa Hassan, an analyst at Hivos, a Dutch NGO, and a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center.  “Abu- Bakr Al Baghdadi [the leader of IS] wants to sent a message that they can wage a frontal war… [and] remind Kurdish and Iraqi authorities that they can revert to their traditional tool of trade, which is suicide attacks,” says Mr. Hassan. The use of foreign fighters sends a message to potential recruits that IS is truly waging “global jihad.”  “Despite all the security presence in Kirkuk, it is still a no man’s land,” says Hassan, the analyst.

Annahar: Islamic State is a consequence not a cause of the current catastrophe

In this opinion in Annahar, Hivos' Middle East expert and Carnegie's Visiting Scholar Kawa Hassan argues that in order to understand the recent advances and gains by the Islamic State (IS, formerly Islamic State in Iraq and Syria or ISIS) in both Iraq and Syria in June and August 2014, we need to go back to the beginning of 2000.  After 9/11 and 2003, both the Syrian and Iranian regimes saw and used Al-Qaeda as a 'potential ally' in their conflict with the United States but, simultaneously, viewed it as a dangerous enemy. But Damascus and Teheran were not the only capitals that used Al-Qaeda franchises as a political instrument to advance strategic interests. After the eruption of the Syrian revolution, Riyadh, Ankara and Doha entered into this dangerous 'geostrategic game' with disastrous consequences for Syria, the Middle East and beyond.

Hivos Advices The Netherlands Advisory Council On International Affairs on Support to Democratic Reforms in the Middle East

As a reaction to popular uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa, The Dutch Advisory Council On International Affairs (AIV) requested Hivos and other Dutch NGOs on 21st of April to advice it on how the Dutch government could support reforms, democratization processes and rule of law in the region. Today the 28th of June the Dutch parliament debates about the AIV advise entitled Reforms in the Arab Region: Opportunities for Democracy and Rule of Law (Dutch translation) as well as the response of the Netherlands government.

Managing militarization in Syria

The most prominent and most troubling of the trends that have shaped the Syrian uprising over the past year is the militarization of the uprising and its transformation from a largely peaceful protest movement to a low-level insurgency dominated not by citizen activists but by a dangerous and uncoordinated array of armed opposition fighters. Dealing with this trend is the most urgent task facing the United States, the Arab League, the European Union, Turkey and the rest of the "Friends of Syria" group scheduled to meet in Tunis on Friday. If the militarization of the Syrian uprising is not managed, the hope for meaningful change in Syria may be lost.

Hivos, AFA and FRIDE Launch Project Foreign Funding in the Arab World: Myth and Reality of a Political Tool

The issue of ‘foreign funding’ to local civil and political society, and the political agendas associated with it, remain a highly sensitive issue in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) following the ‘Arab Spring’. By mid-2012, it has become clear that the ouster of aging dictators has not abolished either their regimes or their practices. Branding civil society activists and organisations who receive foreign funding as agents of the West aiming at regime change is a common tactic that contributes to perceptions of a presumed ‘conspiracy’ behind foreign funding.

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