The Green Movement is a massive and unprecedented social movement that brought together different segments of the society and courageously challenged the regime. However, despite its importance, social mobilization alone is not sufficient to bring about a regime change, let alone a sustainable democracy. In addition to mobilization, the movement needs a strategic reflection on its vision, which aims at developing a new narrative for an alternative social order that is truly tolerant, pluralist, democratic, today and tomorrow, and that would result in the(re)definition of a bigger ‘us’. Therefore, we argue that democratizing society is the start of democratizing the state. Nima Kelari, the writer of the first chapter, rightly recognizes this crucial theme as the question that the theoreticians and activists of the movement need to reflect upon and address. Hence, reformulating the famous phrase of Michel Foucault in response to the 1979 revolution – ‘What are the Iranians dreaming about?’ (also referred to by Kelari in his chapter) –, we believe that the title ‘What is the Green Movement Dreaming About?’ best captures the central theme of this publication.
Despite enormous and unprecedented regime repression, the Green Movement is required more than ever to deliberate what alternative democratic society and state it wants to achieve, so that, should the fall of the current authoritarian regime become feasible in the future, it does not result in the reproduction of further authoritarianism. This is a tall order and involves a painstaking internal process. But the vitality and vibrancy of the Iranian society and the emergence of the Green Movement itself tell us this is not mission impossible.